States of Matter – Response to Text

States of Matter – Response to Text

Answer each question to the best of your ability, using full sentences and make sure to include detail in your responses.


  1.   What are the three states of matter commonly found on Earth, and what are TWO of their properties?


State #1:Solid State #2:Liquid  State #3:Gas
Property #1:Solid is a hard substance like brick or wood. There are many different ways to create the substance of liquid. Property #1LIquid is a wet substance like juice or water liquids can be shown in many different ways just like the image right above. Property #1Gas is an airy substance. It is just air like farts,Oxygen or steam.
Property #2:Solids can be created from liquid like when you shake cream in a jar it transforms into butter. Property #2 Liquids are an easy type of substance that is very easy to get into things. Property #2 You can create steam by boiling hot water in a pot and steam is formed.


  1. What is the fourth state of matter called?
  1. Electrons
  2. Particles
  3. Plasma
  4. Laser


  1. What happens to the speed of molecules when the temperature increases?
  1. They move quicker#
  2. They move slower
  3. They move at the same speed
  4. They explode.


  1. Explain what happens to the molecules in a liquid when they are cooled down to their freezing point.


the average energy of the molecules decreases


  1. Explain what happens to the molecules in a liquid when they are heated to their boiling point.


More energetic ,molecules change to a gas,spread out,and form bubbles.These rise to the surface and enter the atmosphere.


  1. What could be the reason for the fact that gases can be compressed more easily than solids or liquids?


Gases are compressible because most values of a gas is composed of the large amounts of empty space between the gas particles.


  1. Explain how each of these jobs might need to understand and work with different types of matter. (You may need to research to find out more)


Job Gas Liquid Solid
Baker Carbon dioxide  water flour


Compressed air water Dry ice 
Welder carbon dioxide welding fluid Metal


Exploring the Pacific

  1. When, and where was Tupaia born?


  1. a) Around 1825 in Rā‘iātea
  2. b) Around 1725 in New Zealand
  3. c) Around 1825 in New Zealand
  4. d) Around 1725 in Rā‘iātea


  1. Rā‘iātea is a part of which larger group of islands? 


  1. a) Samoa       b) Tahiti
  2. c) Rapa Nui      d) Micronesia


  1. What was the name of the British official sent to secure British rule over NZ?


  1. a) William Johnson           b) Abel Tasman
  2. c) William Hobson d) Captain James Cook


  1. One day, more people would come – a different kind of people altogether. They would arrive on a canoe with no outrigger and would change everything: “And this land will be taken by them” Vaita said

Did this prophecy come true? Explain.

→Samuel Wallis and his men stayed in

Tahiti for five weeks. During this time,

They got to know Tupaia. When James

Cook’s Endeavour arrived two years



  1. Only about 20 of the painted hoe that were given to Captain Cook in 1769 by Māori survive.


  1. a) True b) False


  1. Describe the role that Tupaia had on board the Endeavour – what did he do on Captain Cook’s ship?


→he help them go the right ways like a comepas 


interpreter a person who interprets, especially one who translates speech orally or into sign language. So other knows what they saying 
diplomat a person who can deal with others in a sensitive and tactful way. They can tell other to do and other can’t
indigenous  of people inhabiting or existing in a land from the earliest times or from before the arrival of colonists. Other people took land first 


  1. Explain the four reasons why Hoe were important, and special pieces of technology for Maori.


Mātauranga Māori will articulate and include both physical and non-physical values such as mahinga kai species, swimmability, sense of place, identity and relationships, and wai tapu and the positive and negative influences of these values





  1. Tupaia (up until recently) and much more Polynesian history remains oral history (that means told by speaking). How can we ensure that this history is available to learn for future generations? Try to come up with at least 2 ways.

Although Tupaia was eager to sail west, Cook had other, secret orders from the Admiralty: to search for the anticipated continent of Terra Australis.

Response to text: Treaty of Waitangi

Highlight the correct answer, or type in what you think is correct.


  1. When did Maori first arrive in Aotearoa, New Zealand?


  1. a) Between 1150 & 1200AD
  2. b) Between 1250 & 1350AD 
  3. c) Between 1250 & 1300AD  
  4. d) Last Year


  1. In the 1790’s Pakeha arrived in NZ to do what? 


  1. a) Hunt Moa        b) Start families
  2. c) Hunt whale & seals       d) Escape prison sentences


  1. What was the name of the British official sent to secure British rule over NZ?


  1. a) William Johnson           b) Abel Tasman
  2. c) William Hobson d) Captain James Cook


  1. There were two things that Maori chiefs Hone Heke Pokai and Tamati Waka Nene thought signing the treaty would help accomplish. What were they?


→They believed that the treaty protected their rights recognised their trusteeship of the land and gave them the rights and privileges of British subjects


  1. True or False: Te Tiriti o Waitangi and the Treaty of Waitangi are the exact same.


  1. a) True b) False


  1. The Waitangi Tribunal was set up in 1975. Describe the job the Waitangi Tribunal have?


Set up by the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975, the Waitangi Tribunal is a permanent commission of inquiry that makes recommendations on claims brought by Māori relating to Crown actions which breach the promises made in the Treaty of Waitangi.


colonisation control That the British took control of new new zealand 
treaty contract To stop the war and stop killing 
sovereignty  power The British had power over new zealand 
  1. When the treaty was signed William Hobson said out loud “He iwi

tahi tātou.” (“We are one people.”)

What do you think he meant by this?


One of the favourites is to misquote Governor Hobson’s words, “We are one people” which is not what he said at all. His words in Māori, “He iwi tahi tatou” would better translate as “We are many peoples making one nation


  1. The article describes differences between Te Tiriti and the Treaty of Waitangi – Why do you think those differences caused difficulties?

→ When they translated the Te Tiriti o Waitangi to english it didn’t mean what they wanted it to do.